We agreed that he could not sell alcohol...he is now asking for permission for an alcohol license as he says busin

We agreed that he could not sell alcohol...he is now asking for permission for an alcohol license as he says busin


Asalamualaikum WRBT

I gave a business property on a lease to a person in March 2012 running an asian indian restaurant.  We agreed that he could not sell alcohol...however he is now asking for permission for an alcohol license as he says business is really bad and his customers are mainly english and come to indian restaurants for wine and drink...

should I allow him or ask him to terminate the lease?  what should i do?

I would very much appreciate your advice


In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

According to Imam Abu Haneefah (Rahmatullahi Alayhi), it is permissible for a one to rent one’s property to a non-Muslim for the purposes of running a church, synagogue or even selling wine. Imam Abu Haneefah (Rahmatullahi Alayhi)’s viewpoint is based on the premise that one is merely renting out the usufruct of one’s asset/equity to a non-Muslim. One is neither responsible nor accountable for the unlawful actions of a non-Muslim.

However, according to Imam Muhammed (Rahmatullahi Alayhi), Imam Abu Yusuf (Rahmatullahi Alayhi) and the other three A’immah (Leading Religious Scholars), it is not permissible for the lessor to rent out his property for such purposes.[1]

The main issue of discussion is I’anah alal Ma’siyah (assisting in sin). The Fuqaha have differed regarding the classification of “Assisting in Sin”.

The ideal ruling would be that one does not rent out one’s property for such purposes. If one has Taqwa, firm Eemaan and courage, one should abstain from such an arrangement.

Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala) says:

وَلَا تَعَاوَنُوا عَلَى الْإِثْمِ

“And do not assist one another in sin” (Qur’an 5:2)

If one is in financial constraints and would experience difficulty by terminating the rent agreement with such a client, then one will be excused to continue renting out the property.

Kindly refer to the following link for more details on renting out one’s property to non-Muslims: http://daruliftaa.net/Islamic-Finance/rentproperty.html[2]

and Allah Ta'ala Knows Best

Mawlana Ismail Desai
Student, Darul Ifta
Durban, South Africa

Checked & Approved:
Mufti Ebrahim Desai

 في الدر المختار: ( و ) جاز ( إجارة بيت بسواد الكوفة ) أي قراها ( لا بغيرها على الأصح ) وأما الأمصار وقرى غير الكوفة فلا يمكنون لظهور شعار الإسلام فيها ، وخص سواد الكوفة لأن غالب أهلها أهل الذمة ( ليتخذ بيت نار أو كنيسة أو بيعة أو يباع فيه الخمر ) وقالا لا ينبغي ذلك لأنه إعانة على المعصية وبه قالت الثلاثة ، زيلعي

وقال ابن عابدين رحمه الله: ( قوله وجاز إجارة بيت إلخ ) هذا عنده أيضا لأن الإجارة على منفعة البيت ، ولهذا يجب الأجر بمجرد التسليم ، ولا معصية فيه وإنما المعصية بفعل المستأجر وهو مختار فينقطع نسبيته عنه ، فصار كبيع الجارية ممن لا يستبرئها أو يأتيها من دبر وبيع الغلام من لوطي والدليل عليه أنه لو آجره للسكنى جاز وهو لا بد له من عبادته فيه ا هـ زيلعي وعيني ومثله في النهاية والكفاية

( رد المحتار: 6/392، سعيد )

[2] Last accessed at 11/09/2012.

Disclaimer The views and opinions expressed in this answer belong only to the author and do not in any way represent or reflect the views of any organizations to which he may be affiliated with. The opinions and educational information proffered in this communication are based on the jurisprudential understanding and available knowledge of the author. Given that contemporary issues and interpretations of contemporary issues are subjective in nature, another scholar may reach different juristic inferences and conclusions to those as expressed by the author. Whilst every effort has been taken to ensure total academic integrity and honesty, the author is open to corrective measures based on sound academics and juristic inferences. The Shari’ah ruling given herein is based specifically on the specific scenario in question. The author bears no responsibility towards any party that acts or does not act on this answer and is exempted from any and all forms of loss or damage. This answer may not be used as evidence in any court of law without prior written consent from the author. Any or all links provided in our emails, answers and articles are restricted to the specific material being cited. Such referencing should not be taken as an endorsement of other contents of that website.

Browse   next Fataawa

Legacy of Mufti Ebrahim Desai in Islamic Commerce and Finance

Listen to Audio podcast of a Radio Islam programme