can she give zakat to her husband?

can she give zakat to her husband?


A woman if she is wealthy by her own and parental means, and If her husband is in debts and earning quite less, can she give zakat to her husband?.


In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

According to Hanafi school of thought, a woman cannot give Zakāt to her husband.[1]

and Allah Ta'ala Knows Best

Mufti Faisal bin Abdul Hameed
Montreal, Canada

Checked & Approved:
Mufti Ismail Desai (Darul Iftaa)

  ولا تدفع المرأة إلى زوجها (الهداية في شرح بداية المبتدي (1/ 111)، دار احياء التراث العربي)

 (ولا إلى زوجته) لأن المنافع بينهم متصلة، ويعد غنيا بمال زوجته. قال تعالى: {ووجدك عائلا فأغنى} [الضحى: 8] " قالوا: بمال خديجة - رضي الله عنها - وكذلك الزوجة لا تدفع إلى زوجها لأنها تعد غنية باعتبار ما لها عليه من النفقة والكسوة، ولأنهما أصل الولاد، وما يتفرع من هذا الأصل يمنع صرف الزكاة فكذا الأصل، ولهذا يرث كل واحد منهما من الآخر من غير حجب كقرابة الولاد. وقال أبو يوسف ومحمد: تدفع إلى زوجها، «لقوله - عليه الصلاة والسلام - لزينب امرأة ابن مسعود وقد سألته عن التصدق على زوجها: " لك أجران: أجر الصدقة، وأجر الصلة» . قلنا: هو محمول على صدقة التطوع لما بينا من اتصال المنافع بينهما وذلك جائز عنده. (الاختيار لتعليل المختار (1/ 120)، مطبعة الحلبي - القاهرة)

ولا تدفع المرأة إلى زوجها عند أبي حنيفة رحمه الله تعالى كذا في الهداية (الفتاوى الهندية (1/ 189) ، دار الفكر)


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